IRAC is the abbreviation of Issue-Rule-Application-Conclusion. It has an appealing claim that is to provide a structured framework for solving any leg

IRAC is the abbreviation of Issue-Rule-Application-Conclusion. It has an appealing claim that is to provide a structured framework for solving any legal problem.


Suppose you are having some issue. Suppose a border issue which involves felling of fruits of lemon tree branches in a stubborn neighbor’s yard. The other example can be a misunderstanding over the launching of some ‘communications satellite’ from a country having nuclear weapons. Any issue and certain rules or laws will be applied. For the example of lemon tree neighbor, a trespass law will be applied. You can also add some kind of negligence too. Also, the tree under consideration might involve some part of Real Property Law, such as Old System Title.


  •  You need to identify the real problem like what is going wrong, for whom and the like?
  • Jot down the names of each Plaintiff as well as Defendant. Concisely write their issues
  • Now, check out the area of laws which may govern to resolve the problem.

Some of the bodies of law may include following:

1. Contract law
2. Trade practices (like misleading conduct)
3. Company law (like breaching of duty of the director)
4. Law regarding Negligence Criminal
5. Partnership Law
6. Constitutional Law

  • Assignments may relate to a specific area of the body of law or it can include more than one issue within the general area.
  • Identifying any troublesome or conflicting facts

Rules or Relevant Law

  • You need to find out the principles, rules or laws that can be used for solving the problem.
  • Then you can source the legal rules from the cases as well as legislation.

You should be specific about the law or rules that need to be applied and need to be sure of the propositions that carry the authority of the case.


  • You need to explain and elaborate why the claims of Plaintiff are justified or are not justified, particularly depending upon the bodies of law governing the case.
  • You need to understand how this law can be used by both the parties to win their case
  • It is important to use relevant and necessary Legal Principles in order to support your answer.
  •  You can also choose the usage of Legislation, whenever and wherever applicable.
  • There might be the involvement of several Plaintiffs. So, take sufficient time to study each case thoroughly and analyze the justification for their claims.
  • Legal Principals, as well as precedent cases, may be used for analysis (the similar precedent case can appear feasible to both the parties).
  • Take sufficient time for discussing both the sides of the case under consideration rather than focusing on the comfortable one.


  • It is the time to judge.
  • You need to choose the strongest argument in your opinion and articulate the answer you believe is appropriate.
  • You have to choose which party is liable and for what offense and to how much extent.
  • Now, consider how both the parties could have been able to manage the risks so as to avoid the legal issue.

Crystal J.Pace is a Professional legal writer worked with many companies. She is currently associated with West Coast Trial Lawyers,Los Angeles Personal Injury Lawyers.She loves to share her views regarding law.


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