JEE Main 2019: Male-Female aspirants Ratio Analysis

The January session of JEE Main 2019 is going to be held from January 6-20. As per the reports, about 9.65 lakhs aspirants have registered for the January session of JEE Main 2019. If we talk about the number of registrations then the number has come down from previous years. Last year about 11.5 lakhs students registered for the exam, so there is a decrease of around 2.5 lakhs aspirants this year.

Although the number of registrations for JEE Main 2019 has declined there is a considerable increase in a number of female aspirants in JEE Main 2019 from last year. Last year about 10.5 lakhs students appeared for the exam of which 24% were female aspirants but this year the percentage has increased to 29% female aspirants. This means out of 9.65 lakhs around 2.8 lakhs (29%) female candidates registered for the January session of JEE Main 2019. It shows that there are 6.85 lakhs applications by male candidates for the exam. Moreover, 38 transgender have also applied for JEE Main 2019 January session.

This increase in the number of female aspirants can be seen as positive because earlier this year, the government had issued a directive to restore gender diversity among the engineering colleges where the percentage of female aspirants is generally less. Now NITs will also work towards increasing the number of female aspirants in B.Tech programmes. The government has directed the institutes to admit 14% female candidates by creating supernumerary seats. The government aims to achieve female enrolment of 14% in 2018-19, 17% in 2019-20, and 20% in 2020-21. As per reports, these supernumerary seats have created 1000 additional seats across all technical institutions.  But still the number of female aspirants in the JEE Main 2019 is low and this number needs to be increased. This plan of supernumerary seats can increase the number of female aspirants in the exam in the coming years.

Other than the male-female ratio for the JEE Main 2019 exam, the reports suggest that 54% applicants of JEE Main 2019 are from the urban region. If we talk about categories then there are 4.72 lakh applications from the General candidates, 3.67 lakh from OBC candidates, 0.89 lakh from SC candidates and 0.36 lakh applications from the ST category.

The JEE Main 2019 exam will also see some changes this year. Unlike previous years, the exam will be conducted by NTA (National Testing Agency). Earlier the exam was being conducted by CBSE. The exam will be conducted in two sessions this year i.e. January session and April Session and a candidate can attempt both or any one of the session and his best score will be counted.  It is also expected that the number of aspirants for the April session of JEE Main 2019 is expected to increase as many aspirants may not have registered for the January session due to their board exams.

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