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Different Types of Automation Control Gear

Automation control gear describes equipment used for automating a procedure or process. Engineers use control systems for various operating equipment,

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Automation control gear describes equipment used for automating a procedure or process. Engineers use control systems for various operating equipment, including machinery, factory processes, telephone network switches, steering systems, stabilisation systems, and more.

Automation is achieved by various means, including hydraulic, pneumatic, electrical, mechanical, and via computers or other electronic devices. Complicated systems typically use a combination of these techniques to achieve automation.

Automation control gear is valuable to many industries, including engineering, manufacturing, telecommunications, construction, infrastructure, design, automotive, and more.

This article will outline some common types of automation control gear and explain their use within their respective industries.

Water Flow Meters

A water flow meter, also known as a flow sensor, regulates or measures non-linear, linear, volumetric, or mass flow rate of a gas or liquid. These electronic devices are usually connected to gauges, which render their measurements, although they may also be connected to digital interfaces or computers.

You’ll commonly find water flow meters in:

  • HVAC systems
  • Chemical factories
  • Septic systems
  • Medical devices
  • And more

Flow sensors are vital for detecting blockages, leaks, burst pipes, and liquid concentration changes caused by pollution or contamination.

There are two groups of flow meters: non-contact and contact. Contact flow meters are used when the measuring liquid or gas that is not expected to clog the pipe when it meets the sensor’s moving parts. Conversely, non-contact flow meters have zero moving parts, so they are commonly used when a liquid or gas would be altered or contaminated when coming into contact with any moving parts.

Electric Motors

An electric motor is a common type of automation control gear that controls motion by converting electrical energy into mechanical energy. There are two main types of DC electric motor: brushed and brushless. Brushless motors spin faster than their brushed counterparts and also require less frequent maintenance. 

Some other electric motor types include:

  • AC/DC geared motors, which are suitable when you require specific RPM outputs
  • Servo motors, which allow for precise control of linear and angular position, acceleration, and velocity
  • Stepper motors, which are best used when motor speed must take discrete steps

Industries can improve their electric motors’ performance and efficiency by investing in accessory equipment, such as soft start peripherals, inverters, motor starters, and more.

Industrial Robots

Industrial robots are another typical example of automation control gear. These innovative devices are central to modern manufacturing, completing arduous or monotonous tasks without the need for direct human control.

The six most common types of industrial robot are:

  • Articulated robots
  • Linear robots
  • Gantry robots
  • Cylindrical robots
  • SCARA robots
  • Parallel robot

Gantry robots, for example, comprise programmable machines that drive across a set gantry structure. These robots suit customised automation environments.

Conclusion

Automation control gear is crucial in many modern industries, including manufacturing, telecommunications, engineering, design, and more. By investing in control equipment such as water flow sensors or industrial robots, you will achieve a streamlined and fully optimised workplace environment.

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